During years 3 and 4, pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:
Sc4/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
Sc4/1.2 setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
Sc4/1.3 making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
Sc4/1.4 gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
Sc4/1.5 recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables
Sc4/1.6 reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
Sc4/1.7 using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
Sc4/1.8 identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
Sc4/1.9 using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.
identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers
Sc3/2.1b explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant
Sc3/2.1c investigate the way in which water is transported within plants
Sc3/2.1d explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal.
identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat
Sc3/2.2b identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.
Sc3/3.1a compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties
Sc3/3.1b describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock
Sc3/3.1c recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.
Sc3/4.1a recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light
Sc3/4.1b notice that light is reflected from surfaces
Sc3/4.1c recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyesSc3/4.1d recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by a solid object
Sc3/4.1e find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change.
Sc3/4.2a compare how things move on different surfaces
Sc3/4.2b notice that some forces need contact between 2 objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance
Sc3/4.2c observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others
Sc3/4.2d compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials
Sc3/4.2e describe magnets as having 2 poles
Sc3/4.2f predict whether 2 magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.
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