During years 3 and 4, pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:
Sc4/1.1 asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
Sc4/1.2 setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
Sc4/1.3 making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
Sc4/1.4 gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
Sc4/1.5 recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables
Sc4/1.6 reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
Sc4/1.7 using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
Sc4/1.8 identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
Sc4/1.9 using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.
Sc4/2.1b explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment
Sc4/2.1c recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.
Sc4/2.2a describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans
Sc4/2.2b identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions
Sc4/2.2c construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.
compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases
Sc4/3.1b observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C)
Sc4/3.1c identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.
identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating
Sc4/4.1b recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear
Sc4/4.1c find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it
Sc4/4.1d find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.
Sc4/4.1e recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases
Sc4/4.2b construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers
Sc4/4.2c identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery
Sc4/4.2d recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit
Sc4/4.2e recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.
Year 4 >